Apart from the blue color of its shell, one of the identifying features of this popular crab variety is the shape of its body (carapace). Another species of hermit crabs, the Coenobita rugosus, looks very similar to the Ecuadorian crabs except for a few key differences. For my money, pound for pound (and king crabs can weigh up to 10 pounds each), I’d go with Alaskan red king crab legs over lobster tail any day. Golden crabs are not as popular as the other types of crabs in Florida because they are harder to find. 1,594. There are many types of crab; each crab has its own characteristics and is used for cooking or for different purposes. They are found in the waters from Alaska to the Baja area of Mexico and are named for a town called Dungeness, which was formerly found in Washington State. The Horseshoe crab is rarely eaten due to its low meat content. They have … Found frequently in territories around the Pacific and Indian oceans, Coconut crabs only have two distinct predators – other Coconut crabs and human beings. The Peekytoe crab (Atlantic rock crab) is a type of cold ocean crab. The Dungeness Crab, scientifically known as Metacarcinus magister, is a widely distributed crab species along the North American Pacific Coast. Blue Crabs. Over their lifetime, Snow crabs usually migrate from shallow to deep waters. Analysis of some of these crabs are as follows; 1. Even though they are a beautiful blue color, they do change to a reddish color as other crabs when they are cooked. They can be found down to 10 meters (33 ft) in the western and eastern Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. The reason they are called. The Dungeness crab is a relatively large type of ocean crab. Similar to the Florida Stone crab, the claws of this seawater crab have black tips. Blue crabs are a type of swimming crab that have 2 paddle-like feet to help it swim. They are usually cracked open with a mallet and served with a variety of dipping sauces. The meat of the female crabs is a brown type of crab meat that has a rich flavor. King crabs are one of the most common and best types of edible crabs due to their large size and delicate taste. The crab’s carapace usually measures up to 6.5” (17 cm) wide, making this a medium to large-sized crab. If you can obtain a naturally sweet species like flower crab, go light on the seasoning to let the natural flavor of the crab come through. They are also called ‘robber crabs’ or ‘palm thief’ as they are speculative creatures that will steal anything edible they can find. The bodies of these super-sized crustaceans can measure up to 11” (28 cm) across and weigh up to 28 lbs (nearly 13 kg). Atlantic Rock Crab. It has a large body which can measure up to 16” (40 cm) in width. Alaskan waters house an array of these delicious crab breeds that are ready to be split open for your next meal. But unlike most hermit crabs, coconut crabs develop a hard, calcified shell for protection. For example, snow crabs live in the cold waters around Alaska, Greenland, Siberia, and Japan. They are small crabs of no more than 5 cm across which are distributed along West Africa, the Western Atlantic, the Eastern Pacific and the Indo-Pacific. Blue crab is a popular type of edible crab. Blue crabs: By far the most common fresh crab is the blue crab. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); It has smaller chelae than other popular crabs, such as the Florida Stone crab. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. They’re sold live, cooked whole, frozen, and as picked meat. This page takes a look at some the most interesting types of crabs and how they live. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. There are roughly 1,100 species of Hermit crabs, divided into seven different families. This type of crab is usually eaten for its tasty white meat in the legs and claws. Their size could reach up to 10 inches. Introduction . It can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. Types of Mangrove Crabs Fiddler Crab. The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of crab in the United Kingdom. Dungeness crabs have very hard shells and five separate pairs of legs. Different species of crab really vary in size and in their behaviour. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. Nayturr This is certainly a giant among all the varieties of edible crabs. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Dungeness crab is one of the best crabs to eat. Dungeness crabs are very large, usually weighing from 1.75 to 4 pounds, and they have a color that is purplish-brown. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. Snow crabs found in the Bering Sea can be found approximately 650 feet below the surface, in sandy or muddy environments. Another type of huge Alaskan king crab is the Blue King Crab (Paralithodes platypus). The graceful crab is very similar in appearance to the Dungeness crab, however it is much smaller and lacks the “teeth” along the edge of the pinchers. Peekytoe crabs have white meat with little specks of pink and a very sweet flavor that is enjoyed by all types of chefs. There are many types of edible crabs that have white, sweet, delicious meat when cooked. Fiddler crabs are easily recognizable by their claws clearly asymmetrical Hermit crab is a type of small crab that doesn’t develop its own hard shell. Hermit crabs are not a true species of crab as they don’t belong to the Brachyura infraorder. So, just how big is the Japanese spider crab? Although the King crabs are quite large, only about one-fourth of it is actually edible – mainly the claws and the legs. This crab variety is prized for the amount of meat in its body. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); 13+ Different Types of Crabs. Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. Moreover, each long leg of the Coconut crab can be as wide as three feet in span, although their maximum size isn’t reached until they are roughly forty to sixty years old. Crabs make up 20% of all marine crustaceans caught, farmed, and consumed worldwide, amounting to 1.5 million tonnes annually. For example, the name ‘coconut crab’ is because of their ability to climb up palms, pick coconuts, and then open them on the ground. They are essentially sand or Maine crabs, but once the name was changed to “peekytoes,” their popularity took off. A rainbow land crab. Blue Crab . One of the reasons Dungeness crabs are so popular is due to their sweet-tasting meat. Although their shell-to-meat ratio is relatively small, they are still edible and very tasty. This is when a crab has just shed its outer shell (exoskeleton) and the new one hasn’t hardened yet. They have five pairs of legs, the first one containing pincers, and a body that is made mostly of a shell or a carapace that has a small abdominal flap. Another name for this seafood delicacy is the Atlantic rock crab. They are characterized by the brown tones of the upper part of their shells, which become lighter in the lower one. Blue crabs are also a popular type of crab to serve as a soft-shelled crab. They use gastropod shells that hide their soft abdomen as they grow larger because without these shells they are open to a predator’s attack. With the Florida Stone crab, it is only the meat from the large claws that is consumed. Despite this large crab having a ferocious look of something out of a Sci-Fi movie, it is not an aggressive species. Rather than catch and cook the whole crab, when these crabs are caught, one claw is pulled off. They are also called Tanner crabs and are a variety of the Snow crab. } Snow Crab. Horseshoe crabs have ten eyes and in fact, are not really crabs at all, being more closely related to animals such as scorpions, ticks, and even spiders. Unlike some other kinds of edible crabs, you can easily break open the legs to get to the meat. They can also be called rock or bay crabs, although the rock crabs are usually actually a type called a snow crab. They are decapods that can get up to four pounds in weight, and their diet consists mostly of clams, worms, and other crustaceans found on the ocean bottom. by Aaron Baldwin. Cooked Dungeness crabs take on a light pink to red color. One of the unique features of this crab-like species is that they don’t develop their own hard exoskeleton. The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. The popular name of this crab was coined in Maine. The Horsehair crab is a type of small to medium-sized edible crab. } catch(e) {}. However, it is most commonly found in the area stretching from Texas to Massachusetts. Visit the Atlas Pages for the Crabs of BC . This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. Snow crabs (rock crabs) are a type of edible Alaskan crab. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. This also gives a pink tinge to the edges of the savory Alaskan crab meat that you extract from the claws and legs. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. Snow Crabs. This is where geothermic energy is released into sea water due to holes in the earth's crust. Its Latin name, Calinectes sapidus, means "beautiful swimmer," and it is indeed a beautiful blue-green color. They have meat that is tender and sweet, and they are some of the most heavily harvested animals on the planet. Actually, the coconut crab is a type of hermit crab. These crabs usually grow to 8” (20 cm) in width, with the body and meat being a good source of meat. Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. Usually, soft-shell crabs are consumed whole sautéed or deep-fried. What’s The Difference Between Fog and Clouds? Rather than a round type of carapace, the side of a Blue crab’s body protrudes to a point. Hermit crabs make up a group of crabs in the Paguroidea superfamily and can include marine crabs and land hermit crabs. The Florida Stone crab has large claws with sweet and succulent meet. Photo: basykes / flickr / CC-BY 2.0. The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. If you happen to eat a coconut crab while visiting a Pacific Island, you may also find that they have a slight taste of coconut. European green crabs have now become an invasive species in North America. The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. To narrow down the options, let’s look at some of the most popular types of pet crabs. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. Found along the Eastern coast of the United States as well as other bodies of water, rock crabs have legs that make it look like a spider, which is the reason they can also be called spider crabs. Most Dungeness crabs live approximately ten years, and because of their taste, there is an extremely popular type of crab to eat. Many people regard crab as one of the tastiest types of seafood you can choose from. You can usually find king crabs at the bottom of the ocean or on muddy, sandy floors at a depth of anywhere from 90 – 300 feet. They tend to live in shallower waters in bays and estuaries along the coast. The taste and look of the sweet crab meat depend on the sex of the crustacean. One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). Horseshoe crabs are marine and brackish water arthropods of the family Limulidae, suborder Xiphosurida, and order Xiphosura. Soft-Shell Crabs. When cooked, its claws are a light pink to red color with black tips. Northern Kelp Crab Pugettia producta Typical size: 1-3” across carapace ID: Smooth carapace top. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. These compact brown-orange crabs have a bumpy shell with orange or lightly-colored dots on it. This is not as large as the Red King crab, but can still weigh up to 18 lbs (8.2 kg). When caught in the wild, Red King crabs have light brown jaggy body. Among the three types the Alaskan king crab is known to be the popular crab with relatively high prices. INTRODUCTION TO THE CRABS, SHRIMPS AND CRAYFISH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (ORDER DECAPODA) Pacific Red Hermit Crab (Elassochirus gilli), photo by Aaron Baldwin. There are three different types of king crabs that get harvested commercially: the red, blue, and golden king crab. This crab can be found in the ocean along the Pacific Coast. Certain crabs can also make a very tasty meal! The King Crab. Stone crabs are caught from October through March. Scroll below to know more. The shallows at Three Tree Point are a good place to encounter this species. Much of the delicious white meat is found in the legs of the Red King crab that can have a span of nearly 5 ft. (1.8 m)! The Japanese Spider crab (Macrocheira kaempferi) is a scary-looking type of crab that tops the list of crabs with long legs. Some species are now endangered because of habitat loss as well as intensive hunt which leads to 1½ million tons of crabs cooked alive every year. Brown, brown-yellow, or dark red carapace. Horseshoe crabs live primarily in and around shallow coastal waters on soft sandy or muddy bottoms. Alaskan King Crab. 15 Different Types of Ivy (Plus Essential Facts), 4 Types of Fossil Fuels (Plus Interesting Facts), Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). The Horseshoe crab is a type of arthropod and, despite their name, are not a true variety of crab. Of course, the length of the long spindly legs means that it may take a bit of work to get all of the tasty flaky white meat out. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-source'); In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. Although rarely on the menu, Coconut crabs (Birgus latro) are an edible type of land-dwelling crab. As its name suggests, the Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) has blue colored shell and legs when caught in the wild. Bairdi crabs are a member of the snow crab species and one of the few types of edible crabs. However, the Florida stone crab is found in warmer seas in the Gulf of Mexico, on the coast of Florida, and in salt marshes in some US states. The largest crab species is fished from October to January in Norton Sound, Alaska, and the Bering Sea. You can find them in the depth of 450 feet. var _g1; There are thousands of different types of crabs that are divided into over 850 species. This type of crab is identified by its brown color and purplish spots on its hard shell. This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. Crabs are a type of crustacean that belong to the order Brachyura. 456. With Hermit crabs, lifespans and sizes vary greatly and in fact, they can live anywhere from a few months all the way up to thirty years. These crabs are recorded among the largest species of crabs in the world. 5 Orangutan Crab Achaeus Japonicus. It is also called the ‘hairy crab’ due to the spiky hairs on its body. Ocean crabs live in deeper waters, and some species even inhabit places as inhospitable as hydrothermal oceanic vents. Soft-shell crabs. It belongs to the family Lithodidae which comprises of forty species. In the waters of U.S. Pacific Ocean we can find three major types of crabs which are the Alaskan king crab, the Dungeness crab and the Snow crab. For simply steamed legs, try this King Crab Leg recipe. The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. One species, Portunus trituberculatus, accounts for one-fifth of that total. Rather than being something to fear, the meat of a Japanese spider crab is a delicious delicacy. A sweet, easy staple at all-you-can-eat seafood buffets. Coconut crabs eat meats, nuts, fruits, and seeds, and one aspect that makes them unique is their inability to survive for long periods of time under the water – in fact, they will eventually drown if they are underwater for too long. The body of this dark-brown colored crab can grow up to 7” (17 cm) across. 3. Not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but the crabs can also hide within them whenever necessary. Photo credit: Steve Childs. For protection from predators, hermit crabs need to find empty shells that they will ‘live’ in. 2. It also has various color such as orange, red, and purple. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. One of the identifying features of the Florida Stone crab is its large pincers on the front of its body. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. The crabs are then returned to the ocean where they will grow a new claw within 18 months. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. Soft-shell crabs are blue crabs that have molted. The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. See also: Types of Ocean Crabs – List of Marine Invertebrates 1. Delicious? They are captured mostly through hooks and lines, baited pots, nets, and even by hand. Catching these crabs requires a cold storage unit on the fishing boat in order to replicate the crab’s natural environment in the deep seas. As hermit crabs grow, they have to discard their shells and look for larger ones. Like other types of crabs, it is only legal to harvest the male King crabs, and the meat is snowy white with a yummy, delicate flavor and an outer edge that is bright red in color. There are giant snow crabs or king crabs with their long spiky legs and claws that contain most of the crab’s meat. They like to have them stuck to whatever shell they are in. These invertebrates are omnivores and consume algae, fungi, bacteria, other crustaceans, mollusks, and worms. var _g1; The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. Although there are dozens of different types of crabs, only a handful dominate the market: Alaska king crab: The Alaska king crab, the largest of all crabs, is mostly sold as cooked and frozen meat from the legs and claws. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. They are bottom-dwelling omnivores whose males can reach up to nine inches in the width of their shell. True crabs typically have quite a short projecting “tail” and the reduced abdomen is hidden entirely under the thorax. More than 1,300 described species of freshwater crabs are known, out of a total of 6,700 species of crabs across all environments. Other names include Queen crabs and tanner crabs. Also called a robber crab or a palm thief, the coconut crab is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, getting up to nine pounds in weight and up to sixteen inches long. With stone crabs, only the claws themselves are eaten, and since crabs can regenerate their claws every eighteen months, fishermen often twist off a claw and toss the crabs back into the water, leaving them with one claw to defend themselves. The meat from cooked Blue crabs is described as salty-sweet. There are also Dungeness crabs and blue crabs where most of the succulent snow-white meat is in the body. It is also a variety of the Hermit crab, although it doesn’t have a shell when it is fully grown as those crabs do. The Horsehair crab (Erimacrus isenbeckii) is a popular crab variety in Japanese cuisine. When it comes to taste, the spider crab has a sweeter taste than brown varieties of crab. Blue crab claws are also available. There are over 6,000 types of crab and crab subspecies. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. The meat can be eaten plain, stuffed into spring rolls, scattered on salads, or used in other creative ways. This is a small to medium-sized crab.

types of crabs

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