Photo: Colette McInerney. Moving big objects on public transportation felt inefficient, and although some climbers do have cars, owning and operating a car in Tokyo is expensive. Japanese detectives call the crime scene genba, and Japanese TV reporters may refer to themselves as reporting from genba. While most Japanese climbers today use pads, I did see a different culture of pads overall. Looking up at the boulder’s slabby ending, I got chills when I noticed that the slopey crimps, pockets, and sidepulls seemed to disappear about 30 feet off the deck. Both are used widely by Japanese climbers. “This boulder called 上弦 (Jyo-gen) is V7 highball and crux move is at the very top. Easy routes involved more than just power and strength, more than just taking one hold and reaching to the next. Daniel Woods ticked Hydrangea (V15) in 2013, and Ashima Shiraishi climbed Horizon (V15) in 2016, which made her the first woman and youngest person to climb the grade. Photo: Colette McInerney. A higher number in dan means the problem is harder, but a higher number in kyu means it’s easier. Yet the Japanese term “Gamba… According to the site 99boulders, 10 percent of the world’s 100-plus hardest boulders are in Japan, and many of them belong to Dai Koyamada, one of Japan’s top climbers. Japan faces balancing act over virus clusters among foreign nationals Medical care on brink of collapse in COVID-19 hot spots, panel warns Frontale clinches third J. English Translation of “gamba” | The official Collins Italian-English Dictionary online. You never plummet toward the earth toproping. In tense situations, a speaker, in a soothing robot voice, commands: “Come-on,” “You-got-this,” and “Do-not-for-get-to-breathe.” International settings also include Spanish: “¡Venga!” French: “Allez!” and Japanese: “Gamba!” The VNGA can even sense when you’ve whipped and will tell you “Good-effort-bro. In business, gemba refers to the place where value is created; in manufacturing the gemba is the factory floor. The International Olympic Committee vetoed climbing as an Olympic sport in 2013, but the host country of the Games is allowed to pick a few sports to include, and thanks to a broad appeal in Japan and internationally, climbing made it in. Unsent: Rappelling—The Most Extremest Sport. Where to climb Ogawayama, the hub of Japan’s climbing scene, is known for bouldering, but has sport, trad, and multi-pitch lines too. Photo: Colette McInerney. Nowadays, when someone will open a new route around here, they consider climbing style very seriously,” he said. I stumbled through obligatory apologies about my lack of Japanese and mimed that I was here for the comp. Fall and spring get chilly, so pack warm clothes and a down jacket. Do you use sticky rubber and chalk? Gym manager and filmmaker Iku Serata thinks there’s a trait inherent to the culture that turns Japanese climbers into crushers. That all changes when it’s time to lower. Whether they are conscious or not, I think this thinking may exist on base of Japanese mind.” Shogyu is a philosophy wherein one can find enlightenment through training and toughening the body. The translation of the term from the root Japanese word is “the real place.” It also is known as “the place where value is created.” In the practice of Lean and Six Sigma, it means taking the time to watch how a process is done and talking with those who do the job. In day to day life, this means using certain language depending on who you are talking to and not eating or drinking in certain public places (the train stations don’t even have trash cans). COURTESY OF PUMP CLIMBING GYMS, EDDIE FOWKE (UPPER LEFT), VLADEK ZUMR ( RIGHT) ... Analogous phrases like the French “Allez!” have a similar tone. Dave Kassel, also from the states, was running the event. Couple that with a few sandbag boulders, and visiting climbers quickly figure out to focus on the lines that inspire them instead of the grade. In an interview with Alpinist, Kurakami explains his motivation and ethics behind the bold ascent. In the U.S., it’s rare for me to go climbing outside … The fitness world is rife with wearables. Related: Listen to Kolin Powick, climbing category director for Black Diamond, weigh in on some of these ideas on our podcast. Toproping, on the other hand, is not scary. Gamba!” for whomever was up on the wall. “I was hoping to uncover the secret behind all these strong Japanese climbers, some kind of workout ritual or special routine,” he said, referring to the comp’s talented field of local competitors and their incredible finger strength and meticulous technique. But when in Tokyo, use taxis. The Japanese performance in Vail was a chorus of power and technique; tricky sequences, balancey bulges, and dynos were easily dispatched. The combination with beer or sake is nothing but perfect,” Fukuda says. As a gaijin, or foreigner, I wasn’t held to the same standards of cordiality in the culture, but I found that the daily scramble of trying to blend in with locals was exhausting. In a recent Instagram post, Sachi Amma wrote about a boulder problem and stressed style over grade. Hot Fudge Heated Food Bag I found that each gym had a core group of “membership” climbers who would climb together a few times a week, bring in new friends, and have snacks and tea during a session. Muroi, now 43, has been putting up hard first ascents in Japan since the early 2000s, and he is not only famous for his renowned FAs, like Bansousha (8c/V15) in 2001 and Kakusei (8c/V15) in 2007, but also for completing these committing boulders with few or no pads. ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) I'm sure my brothers and sisters in weeb community will be delighted with this one. In climbing, this translates to specific rituals. Gamba no Bouken is a fantastic little adventure piece directed by Osamu Dezaki during the turning point in Dezaki's 70s series. Definition of Gamba in the Definitions.net dictionary. “I think most Japanese climbers look up to competition climbing, because there are not as many rock climbers as gym climbers, and gym climbing is easier to understand for beginners. Since I had exited the train station three minutes ago, the city buildings ran together, stacked on top of one another like Lego blocks. We met a few groups of eager climbers in the parking lot before venturing out on the many trails that weave through clusters of boulders. I tried with #nocrashpad style but I could not climb it. Most campsites close between December and the the end of April. It has been serialized in Kodansha's Weekly Shōnen Magazine since July 2017, and has been compiled into eighteen volumes as of November 2020. (Digital rope not load bearing; clip lead protection and do not call “Take!” above pro while using the app.) It has been serialized in Naver Corporation's webtoon platform Naver Webtoon since June 30, 2010, with the individual chapters collected and published by Young Com into four volumes as of June 2020. (Though who wants to haul an oven up a multi-pitch route? Need we say more? “And you should never step on anyone’s pad with your shoes on. This is considered big-time rude!”, An outsider decodes the intricacies of Japanese climbing culture, © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. Similar constraints will be met by any traveling Westerner, as there are no guidebooks printed in English, so locating climbing areas and navigating them can feel hopeless without a guide or translator. Lead climbing is very scary. Your actions decide if you stick it or fall. Most of Japan’s climbers and history remain relatively unknown. Are you wet yet? A humor column. Rent-A-Girlfriend (Japanese: 彼女、お借りします, Hepburn: Kanojo, Okarishimasu) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Reiji Miyajima. League title after routing Gamba Fuji on the way to climb in Mizugaki. American climbing gyms tend to stick out from the surrounding hair salons, furniture stores, and tobacco shops, but the continuous mega blocks in Tokyo made individual buildings indistinguishable. Source: am climber in Japan Naito is a longtime climber, and he owns 10 climbing gyms in the Tokyo area. Bend your toes to retract the lobes, place the cam in a crack, release the trigger, and voilà, a comfy platform to stand on, available in various widths/cam sizes. Photo: Colette McInerney. Experience expands the practitioners toolbox, but sometimes it is just as important to return to the foundations to further the path to mastery. In the city of Tokyo alone, there are 50 gyms. In the interest of driving innovation, I would like to submit these five product ideas, patent-free, to the gear manufacturers of today. Photo: Colette McInerney. Sometimes it sounded like Gamba, sometimes like 'come on'. Located about 2.5 hours from Tokyo, city-based climbers leave before 5 a.m. on the weekend in order to beat traffic, which can mean crawling through the mountain’s tunnel passes for hours on end. © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Cart of Eating Well! I felt more and more self-conscious as I carried my four-foot-wide by five-foot-tall Mondo pad through four train connections. Not only is Yuta an expert climber in his own right, but his work as a contributor at Lost Arrow, one of Japan’s top outdoor gear distributors, keeps him closely aligned with current happenings in the climbing scene. There are, for example, multiple ways to address people. Mizugaki in April 2016. Travel with cash, since few places take cards in the countryside. The popularity of climbing in Japan is the reason why climbing is in the Olympics in the first place. Clean the boulders of excessive chalk and tick marks after each climbing session. Three weeks earlier, Nathaniel had competed in the bouldering World Cup in Vail, Colorado, where Kokoro Fujii and Tomoa Narasaki had taken first and second, respectively, with Yoshiyuki Ogata finishing fourth. Meaning of Gamba. The Japanese grading system, called dankyu, can prove complicated for travelers, as it is modeled after martial arts rating. Kiyosato, a resort 40 minutes away, has more restaurants; try houto and soba noodles. “We have good routesetters that are good at what they do. The Gamba family name was found in the USA, the UK, and Canada between 1840 and 1920. Sasha DiGiulian warms up on a V4 at Ena. From there, you can reach both the Mitake bouldering area and Ogawayama via public transportation. American climber, and the only non-Japanese competitor at the event, Nathaniel Coleman sat across from me and explained he thought he did “OK” in the comp with his top 10 finish. My favorite shop is named ‘Hassho’ [in Hiroshima]. After a few months, I had shifted my energy to climbing, hoping that this was a field I could relate to no matter how different the culture is. Several other large parties sat at bar-style tables with people of all ages, and chatter and laughter filled the room. “Still hard to answer why I chose this style. What does Gamba mean? Now you’re not 30 feet above a micro-nut on a death slab—you’re mock-leading that X-rated puppy. Onsen hot springs. Typical, I thought. Gamba no Bōken (ガンバの冒険, lit.Adventures of Gamba) is a Japanese anime series based on the 1972 eponymous novel, Bōkenshatachi: Ganba to 15-hiki no Nakama (冒険者たち ガンバと15ひきの仲間, lit. Other historical ascents have taken place in the country, like the 34-year-old Tomoko Ogawa’s ascent of Catharsis in Shiobara, the first V14 ascent by a woman. Research local customs to avoid gaffes and offending people. Avoid the summer rainy season. Toshi Takeuchi during his ascent of Asagimadara (8C/V15) in the Mizugaki forest. Gamba!” for whomever was up on the wall. Never step on someone’s pad with your street shoe—most Japanese climbers carry a small mat and towel to wipe their climbing shoes before stepping onto the rock or pad. Maybe I was being naïve to think climbing could be my common ground in this intricate culture. It’s mostly because of the accessibility; there aren’t much beginner-friendly trad climbs in Japan,” Naoya Naito told Climbing magazine a few years ago. If planning a long trip to climbing spots around the country, rent a car. The Hot Fudge Heated Food Bag uses technology borrowed from Black Diamond’s Hot Forge Heated Chalk Bag. Gumba. ” French: “Allez!” and Japanese: “Gamba!” The VNGA can even sense when you’ve whipped and will tell you “Good-effort-bro. The accessibility of bouldering and indoor climbing has brought a boom in youth teams and comps. Winston is described as both a demon and a monster. When climbing, it’s nice to know that you are the one in control. I discovered how this pad setup played a role in functionality and space consciousness the day I visited Mitake, a popular bouldering area an hour outside Tokyo. I found the building’s entrance, which led down a corridor to a tiny elevator that took me up to the third floor where the door opened to a large room. In a country where efficiency and order are integral to life, I felt like I slowed down the entire train with my bulky, oversized pad. The campground in Mizugaki costs 1,000 yen per night (U.S. $10). In business, however, gemba refers to the place where value is created. When you top out, open it up and breathe in that sweet, fresh-baked aroma, then dig in. Shibuya, one of Tokyo’s most famous tourist and shopping districts. And where would you hook up the gas?) This was 100% of all the recorded Gamba's in the USA. This cleanest style has been respected and performed in this area ever since the late 1980s. Ask locals for help online and in person once there, but be polite and patient. “I think climbing being in the Olympics will definitely get more people focused on indoor climbing and competition,” he says. Find more Italian words at wordhippo.com! See also: in gamba gamba sinistra gamba destra gamba di legno. They tell you everything from your heart rate, to blood-oxygen saturation, to sleep quality and more. The staff responded by being overly polite and helpful; the Japanese word for hospitality is omotenashi. Ogawayama’s campground, Mawarime Daira, provides toilets and coin showers for 700 yen per night per person (U.S. $7), and you can use the onsen at Kimpu Sansou for 400 yen (U.S. $4). (In case you’re wondering, “gamba!” is what Japanese climbers shout to encourage each other.) The cam trigger is located inside the shoe. “Ropes are for old people; bouldering is what all the kids are doing. It took only a month for construction crews to put up a half-dozen houses outside my apartment in the city, then my favorite sushi place disappeared a mere three months after I discovered it. Funnily, Gamba, as a contraction of Gambatte, doesn't seem to be used in other contexts besides climbing. In business, genba refers to the place where value is created; in manufacturing the genba is the factory floor. Toshi led us to his recent project, Asagimadara, an 8c/V15 highball. English words for gamba include leg, shank and lower leg. “Try okonomiyaki, a kind of Japanese pancake. The digital rope may not hold a fall, but it will make you feel safer, which if you think about it, kind of makes you safer. Gemba (現場, genba?) Photo: Colette McInerney. Yuta thinks that climbing’s inclusion in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics will have an even greater effect on the rise of the youth and indoor climber. “We don’t have the same amount of power as other climbers do.” Handa stands 5’5” and weighs about 130 pounds, which is slightly smaller than the average size for a Japanese man. Summit beers are OK, but how about a nice, fresh summit biscuit straight out of the oven? The expectations were “lower” for visitors, but the country’s language, roles, and rules of life were complex, making me feel more lost than ever. The building’s signs were written in katakana, hiragana, and kanji, a collection of symbols I wasn’t any closer to deciphering since I had arrived in the world’s biggest metropolis a year ago. Around the campsite, rockfaces and big granite boulders are laid out before you everywere you look. Many people carpool to climbing areas and use trains and public transportation for work during the week. 1K likes. After visiting a few Tokyo apartments, I could see how storing pads of this size would be precarious. It clips to your shirt and monitors your vitals to see when you’re struggling. We can find good training methods online, so everyone is able to try out these new trends,” Toshi says. Last year during koyo, or fall, one of Japan’s best climbers, 30-year-old Toshi Takeuchi, showed me through the Mizugaki forest. Which is why I started things off by creating a new theme suitable for any similar video aggregation site. Handa on Diamond slab (V5/V6), Ogyu-joshi in Toyota, Japan. Search for online beta in English and follow the internet trail as far as possible, and once you’re in Japan, the people and community are welcoming, helpful, and friendly. He never shows fear or worry, proving a high opinion of himself, which drives him to underestimate his adversaries, sometimes even with contempt. I’m hoping that it will someday arrive in the ‘States in some media format, even excusing the fact that it … Live Art. There is a near-infinite number of shoe options. Indiana had the highest population of Gamba … Sports Mole previews Monday's Serie A clash between Torino and Sampdoria, including predictions, team news and possible lineups. It doesn’t matter which shoes you wear—crack climbing hurts your feet. It has two “levels” (kyu and dan). This is mostly sh… Create Space. “It’s the third floor in the building to the right of McDonald’s,” my friend Dave’s text read. You-were-robbed,” as well as sense when you’ve clipped the chains to tell you that it’s proud of you and that it loves you. A competitor attempts a problem in qualifiers at the 2015 Five Ten Cup in Tokyo. Toshi Takeuchi translates the Ena guide for visiting pro Carlo Traversi. Right, I thought, to the right. For bouldering, local climber Handa Yuta recommends Two Monks (V10), Ooin-ru-kawanonagare, Bansousha (V15), Rampage, and Heaven’s Gate; for sport, Excellent Power (5.13a) and Ninja (5.14a); and for trad, Banana Crack (5.11d, 2 pitches) and Super Imjin (5.12b). The ascents of the past were done in those styles because of the constraints of their era, whether that be gear or ability. The line had two ascents, he explained, the first ascent by Tokio Muroi in 2011 and a repeat by Toru Nakajima in 2013. I was curious why this was, but as I searched for beta, topos, and other information online, the language barrier and difficult translations created a huge information gap. Slopey holds and low-angle rock demand thoughtful movement, the use of small feet, and commitment to rounded topouts. “I don’t think climbing is so different in Japan compared to other countries. It forced a different perspective of these “hard” ascents, and it seems at least a few contemporary climbers are hoping to experience some of that phenomena. If everyone knows what you mean, it doesn't really matter what word you use. Japanese detectives call the crime scene gemba, and Japanese TV reporters may refer to themselves as reporting from gemba. The country has plenty to offer in terms of the high-quality bouldering, sport, and trad climbing scattered all over its 145,000 square miles, not to mention the plethora of non-climbing tourist activities. is a Japanese term meaning "the actual place" or "the real place". This constraint shouldn’t deter a climbing trip to the country, however. A view of Mt. Visit Fujimoto for the best grilled meat in Kawakami village, only 20 minutes from Mizugaki and Ogawayama. While the startup hub of Fukuoka bubbles with international attention, the volcanic terrain to the south continues to rumble and smoke. “A combination of trains and a rent-a-car will expand your range,” local climber Nobuhiko Fukuda says. Historically, we believe in a virtue of hard work. For an extra $2, download the Lowball add-on, which makes the ground appear as if it’s always two feet away for highball bouldering or big-wall free solos. The setters mixed “advanced” holds, like bad slopers or giant volumes, in with better, more positive holds on beginner climbs. Train hard, be polite, and offer hospitality—that’s enough to make anyone a better climber, on and off the wall. Photo: Colette McInerney, Fly to Tokyo because everyone should experience the world’s most populated metropolitan area. To have failed so badly on a route you had previously climbed that you negate your redpoint. Genba (現場, also romanized as gemba) is a Japanese term meaning "the actual place". People in cities like Tokyo and Kyoto typically speak English, but those in the countryside may not. GAMBA LIVING. He is humble, polite, charismatic and enigmatic at first, but that hides his true personality: a cruel, lying, vile, and sadistic creature. The most common use of the term is in manufacturing, where the gemba is the factory floor. That’s where the Vertical Neural Gumption Augmenter (VNGA) comes in. Gemba Kaizen is a Japanese concept of continuous improvement designed for enhancing processes and reducing waste. The comp was nearly over, and cheers came from a crowd beyond the front desk. This push toward climbing in a traditional way that is inherently more minimal, leads the modern-day climber on a more dangerous and mentally challenging path. “Most train stations in Tokyo are labyrinths.”. Yuta cited the recent send of Keita Kurakami and Yusuke Sato when they did the hardest multi-pitch trad line in Japan, Senjitsu-no Ruri (5.14a R/X, 250m, 7 pitches), on the granite spires of the 7,316-foot Mt. But none tell you what you need to hear most when struggling on a crux: “Good job.” While belayers can provide encouragement, as soon as you pull a roof or climb around a corner, you’re out of sight and out of luck. From the moment I had my passport stamped in Tokyo until my final metro ride back to the airport, I remember thinking, Yes, I can live here. In Ogawayama, the mountain lodge Kimpu Sansou provides swanky accommodations, including breakfast, dinner, and an onsen (hot bath) for 6,800 yen per night per person (about U.S. $65). Instead of relying on guidebooks and internet beta like you can with many European destinations, you’ll need to plan differently. Having visited several gyms in Tokyo by this point, I knew that, like many things in Japan, there was an order and rule to every situation. But there is a solution: Cam Shoes, rock shoes with spring-loaded camming devices extending from the toe. Fall (October through early December) or spring (March through May). The staff pointed to the spot where I could remove my shoes before I entered the gym’s climbing area. New (to me) rules about style and technique, nuanced movement on the granite boulders, and an exceptionally high level of indoor skill only added to my confusion. If we happened down the wrong trail, we’d soon find another chalked boulder that was bound to hold a few classic lines. Though these formalities made me feel safe, so many particulars in each social interaction gave me anxiety, like I wasn’t fitting into the Japanese culture at all. However, the concept of Gemba Kaizen holds many more meanings than its literal translation. English guidebooks are scarce as well, and most informational websites are in Japanese. Though no one was rude to me about my clunky baggage on the train, my anxiety about inappropriate actions stemmed from another Japanese philosophy I was learning about: gyo-gi, the concept of being most polite. At the same time it drops so many questions in me.”. Mizugaki is considered one of Japan’s premier bouldering locations because of the quality and concentration of world-class problems. Okonomiyaki, a Japanese savory pancake. Here, the sheer number of climbers means that bumping into friends is a lot less likely. Photo: Colette McInerney. Also works for when you bail or get bouted, and need to eat your feelings. I only learned about its location through word of mouth. Then shut up and get some Cam Shoes. “These two aspects [physical and mental] are always mixed together so I don’t think I can talk about these separately,” she says. Also, “You should always ask before using someone’s mat (crashpad),” photographer Colette McInerney says. I had come to live here while my boyfriend completed a one-year research project. It became clear in the gyms of Tokyo that better climbing technique beats strength every time. “Japan climbers train very hard. Oregon inspired Italian food, and whatever other eats the day may call for! With the Lowering Ladder, you never have to trust anyone. But that doesn’t mean there isn’t an even greater future of climbing gear ahead, one that will make the current future look like the past. Ask someone who has visited before or try to find a local on social media who can point you in the right direction. “It is a paradise if you love anime or manga. In 1840 there was 1 Gamba family living in Indiana. A Japanese climber on Ninja Gaeshi (V5), Mitake. Japanese police could refer to a crime scene as gemba, and TV reporters often refer to themselves as reporting live from gemba. His petite frame means he prioritizes hand and finger strength and footwork, instead of explosive, big movements. And if it becomes too much, you can always clip in direct to a bolt and call the fire department to come get you. The traditional path emphasizes the style and ethics of an ascent. A few members of the arguably stronger young generation have taken a similar stance. Since climbing is so international, I think it started as a joke / playful use of language and now it's common enough to be used more seriously. Cam shoes, for the climber that has never accused tape gloves of being aid. Menu If escaping Tokyo for a few days, rely on trains. “Try visiting Akihabara,” Fukuda says, referring to the Tokyo district. It wasn’t until I hit the final track that I spotted other climbers carrying pads, though smaller and more conservative, and I finally relaxed. As you climb, a heating element cooks your biscuit dough, cookie dough, or brownie batter. 公式サイト https://www.jma-climbing.org/competition/2020/bjc/ リザルト https://www.jma-sangaku.or.jp/climbing/temp_results/bjc/2020/ “Autumn will be the best season for both climbing and food (and sake),” Fukuda says. Many climbers would come to the boulders with several smaller pads stacked smartly on their backs. With so many tools available to a continuous improvement professional, it is easy to get overwhelmed and consequently focus on a narrow grouping of tools. 3. This kind of ritualistic Japanese culture comforted my western mind when I first arrived because it seemed reliable, but after a few months it was suffocating. Translations in context of "gamba" in Italian-English from Reverso Context: in gamba, mia gamba, sua gamba, tua gamba, gamba sinistra ... Arabic German English Spanish French Hebrew Italian Japanese Dutch Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Turkish Chinese. Just clip the giant extendable ladder to the chains, then downclimb from up to 200 feet above the ground. Photo: Colette McInerney. Is it aid climbing? Just climb with your AR visor, and the app will display a digital toprope above you at all times. Tower of God (Korean: 신의 탑; RR: Sin-ui Tap) is a South Korean manhwa released as a webtoon written and illustrated by S.I.U. With only one U.S. competitor making semifinals and four Japanese qualifying in the top 10 spots at the men’s comp, Nathaniel wasn’t the only one who wanted to figure out what made these climbers tick. Japanese climbers often use a lot of English words (especially climbing with foreigners), just with good accents to make them sound Japanese. Good setting makes good climbers,” Toshi says, and I found the biggest difference between U.S. and Japanese gyms was the quality of the setting. Japan’s third-largest island is internationally famous for its porky ramen, rejuvenating hot springs, dramatic mountains, peaceful beaches and outgoing people. Mitake has more high-quality bouldering and can be reached in two hours from Tokyo via train. Like most comps, there was an elated energy in the place, with spectators and competitors alike shouting “Gamba! I've heard "tension" and "take" both used. Because the web page and text for my local climbing gym were only in Japanese, it was impossible for me to find when I first arrived. For Kevin's non-humor columns, see Noon Patrol. Translations written in Roman characters could only get you so far, though, because everything here seemed to be built, moved, and changed faster than I could keep track. Many newer gyms offer only bouldering, but bigger facilities on the edge of the city have more space for taller walls, toproping, and lead climbing. Shit gets real when you move above pro, which makes the climbing harder, which makes it even scarier. “Thirty years ago, strong pioneer climbers began to open some free routes without bolts. Ogawayama is the Camp 4 of Japanese climbing, a magnet for climbers and hikers from all over Japan. Sushi appetizers, plates of tofu drizzled in soy sauce, and pints of lager—a popular drink, along with sake—were placed in front of us while we discussed the results of the comp.
2020 gamba japanese climbing